News story with maps and quick time animation
“Virtual Pandemic: 90 Days to Infect Entire U.S.”
This is a simulation of the transmissibility of the highly pathogenic H5N1 virus which evolves to make the jump to humans. All simulations depend on their conditions set by the modellers (programmers). Therefore, Alaska and Hawai’i aren’t shown as red or yellow—not because we are invincible but because we weren’t included.
LANS LLC press release
Simulation of a pandemic flu outbreak in the continental United States, initially introduced by the arrival of 10 infected individuals in Los Angeles. The spatiotemporal dynamics of the prevalence (number of symptomatic cases at any point in time), is shown on a logarithmic color scale, from 1 or fewer (blue) to 100 or more (red) cases per 1,000 persons. Without vaccination, antiviral drugs, or other mitigation strategies, the entire nation becomes infected within a few months. Depending on the reproductive number R0, effective intervention strategies including vaccination and targeted antiviral prophylaxis can be successful without resorting to economically damaging measures like school closure, quarantine, and work or travel restrictions. This large-scale agent-based simulation involves 280 million people, and uses demographic and worker flow data at the Census tract level, as well as long-range travel statistics, to describe the geographic movement of people. In this simulation, long-range travel is assumed to occur at a lower-than-normal rate (10 percent) due to travel advisories, but with no other mitigation strategies the pandemic quickly spreads nationwide, peaking about 90 days after the initial introduction.
[Timothy C. Germann, Kai Kadau, Catherine A. Macken (Los Alamos National Laboratory); Ira M. Longini Jr. (Emory University)]”
Article is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, but you will need a subscription to view it.
Timothy C. Germann, Kai Kadau, Ira M. Longini, Jr., and Catherine A. Macken,
Mitigation strategies for pandemic influenza in the United States
PNAS published April 3, 2006, 10.1073/ pnas.0601266103