See also Emergency water and sanitation handbooks WCED WHO

Technical Notes for Emergencies

These four page illustrated notes have been prepared by WEDC for the World Health Organization to assist those working immediately or shortly after an emergency to plan appropriate responses to the urgent and medium-term water and sanitation needs of affected populations.

The notes are relevant to a wide range of emergency situations, including both natural and conflict-induced disasters. They are suitable for field technicians, engineers and hygiene promotors, as well as staff from agency headquarters.

They are available here as pdf and html files in draft form (revised 11 January 2005):

1 – Cleaning and disinfecting wells [pdf – htm]
2 – Cleaning and disinfecting boreholes [pdf – htm]
3 – Cleaning and disinfecting water storage tanks [pdf – htm]
4 – Rehabilitating small-scale water dist. systems [pdf – htm]
5 – Emergency treatment of drinking water [pdf – htm]
6 – Rehabilitating water treatment works [pdf – htm]
7 – Solid waste management in emergencies [pdf – htm]
8 – Disposal of dead bodies [pdf – htm]
9 – Minimum water quantity [pdf – htm]
10 – Essential hygiene messages [pdf – htm]
11 – How to measure chlorine residual [pdf – htm]
12 – Delivering safe water by tanker [pdf – htm]
13 – Emergency sanitation – planning [pdf – htm]
14 – Emergency sanitation – technical options [pdf – htm]


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