the BBC has an interesting map of Russia’s claims,
- “Arctic neighbours draw up battle lines by Lee Carter, BBC News, Toronto”
While the shipping will go past us, the Kuskokwim River is too shallow, sometimes even for barges. However, as the Arctic Ocean continues to open, our shorelines and river beds will also change.
They also point out, as does the CS Monitor,
Jurisdiction over the seabed of the Arctic Ocean is regulated by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, ratified by Russia, Canada and Denmark. It is widely expected that the United States will ratify within the next year.
Arctic Mapping Redraws Borders, from Nature News
The recent push for nations to stake a claim to portions of the Arctic sea floor, where potential oil reserves are thought to lie, has thrown a spotlight on how little is known about these areas, and on new attempts to pin the geography down.
[Last week] the United States announced that their survey of the sea floor of the Chukchi Cap, a giant underwater peninsula north of Alaska, showed that the foot of its continental slope … is more than 100 nautical miles farther from the US coast than was previously believed.
Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), nations can submit a claim to the sea floor off their coasts if they can prove certain geological criteria.
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