Where is the Unorganized Borough jail?

This is one of those generic spam sites– cookie cutter spam, I guess. No content just a copy and paste to get someone to stop in.

“Unorganized Borough Inmate Search
Unorganized Borough Jail, Alaska

Unorganized Borough Jail
123 Sesame St
Example, AK 12345

Phone Number:

Map of Jail Location”

http://www.inmatesearch.info/ alaska/unorganized-borough-jail-inmate-search-in-ak.php


Respirator fit of a medium mask on a group of South Africans: a cross-sectional study


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Background: In South Africa, respiratory protective equipment is often the primary control method used to protect workers. This preliminary study investigated how well a common disposable P2 respirator fitted persons with a range of facial dimensions. Methods: Quantitative respirator fit tests were performed on 29 volunteers from different racial, gender and face size groups. Two facial dimensions width (bizygomatic) and length (menton-sellion) were measured for all participants. Results: In this study 13.8% of the participants demonstrated a successful fit with the medium sized mask. These included participants from three different racial and both gender groups. The large percentage of failed fit tests (86%) indicates that reliance on off-the-shelf respirators could be problematic in South Africa. Conclusions: The limitations of this preliminary study notwithstanding, respirator fit appear to be associated with individual facial characteristics and are not specific to racial/ethnic or gender characteristics.

This is one reason why I think the Totobobo mask is so useful. It is much easier to modify the mask to fit different faces. The Totobobo mask really needs to be tested in a place like Alaska where we have faces from many different populations. See the Flickr set at Respirators masks for pandemics, volcanoes, dust, woodworking, cycling

poorly fitted respirator on TV news person

Primary entry about respirators is Masks — Types, Choosing (PPE)

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Alaska heritage– oldest cremated human remains ever discovered in northern North America

[Alaska, analytical anthropology]

Ice-age child’s remains discovered in Interior

The oldest cremated human remains ever discovered in northern North America have been found at a site near the Tanana River in central Alaska. The 3-year-old is only the second ice-age child discovered on the continent, say UAF researchers.

Photos: Excavating the site

PDF: Read the Science magazine article

Alaska’s neglected heritage: National Guard, 19 February 1971



Updated 2011-11-21, The Internet Archive has a copy of one of the oral histories about this event, http://www.archive.org/details/JohnSpaldingOn1971MtSanfordNationalGuardCrashRecorded2011

Just this past week, the DMVA issued a call for information about Bryant Army Air Field, http://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=244246672302390&id=121826611217021

Forty years ago on February 19, 1971, an Alaska Army National Guard aircraft crashed at the 14,880 foot level of Mt. Sanford, 200 miles east of Anchorage in the Wrangell Mountains. The aircraft was an Army U8-D and was to be the first multi-engine aircraft for the Alaska Army Guard. It was on a ferry flight to Ft Richardson, Alaska from Fresno, California when it crashed. The crew was MAJ [Major] Steve W. Henault, US Army; LTC [Lieutenant Colonel] LTC William Caldwell (Bill), AKARNG; and MSG [Master Sergeant] Herbert Alex (Herb), AKARNG. All died in the crash. One rescuer also succumbed in the attempt.

Very little was published in coeval accounts. Many current National Guard members are unaware of these events in Alaska aviation history. The Alaska Army National Guard was the first in the nation to begin an aviation component. The plane was coming from the Army. It had been stationed in Panama and re-fitted and overhauled in California.

U-8D plane, similar to that ferried to AKARNG.

En route to AK the U8-D [See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beechcraft_L-23_Seminole] developed engine problems, declared an emergency, and landed in Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. The Army in Fresno was still responsible for repairs to return the U8-D to airworthy condition. However, on the repair flight to Whitehorse with the U-8 engine, the DC-3 itself lost an engine and landed at Ft Lewis, Washington.

Finally, when word was received at Ft Richardson that the U8-D was nearing airworthiness, Henault, Caldwell, and Alex flew to Whitehorse to continue the ferry mission. After a few delays, all was OK and they launched February 19 from Whitehorse to Kulis ANGB [Air National Guard Base], Anchorage.

MAJ Henault [http://www.smokejumpers.com/obituaries/item.php?obituaries_id=545 ] was the Pilot in Command/Instructor Pilot conducting a multi-engine plane transition as well as qualifying LTC Caldwell in the U-8. Caldwell was only a single engine qualified pilot at that time. Henault was not in the Guard but Active Duty US ARMY stationed at Ft Richardson. MSG Alex was the first aviation mechanic for AKARNG,.

The evening of February 19 was the annual Adjutant General’s Ball at the Elmendorf AFB Officers Club. A radio call came in from LTC Caldwell asking that his wife be contacted and advised that they would be running a little late. Could she please lay out his dress blues for attendance at the annual AG’s Ball?

This was the last known contact with the U8-D, approximately five minutes prior to impact.

A search was launched on Saturday. Ordinarily the flight would have been through Northway. A check of all local airports along the route had been conducted with negative results. On Sunday, an Air Force C-130 located the wreckage on Mt Sanford.

Rescue and recovery attempts were made but due to continuous poor weather, the mission was greatly delayed. Weather in Anchorage dropped to double digits below zero that following week of Fur Rendezvous. Ray Genet, the Talkeetna mountain climber, Mt McKinley’s first guide, and Rex Post, a Pan American World Airways captain on leave, also a mountaineer, were dropped off from an Army helicopter at the 15,500 foot level in an attempt to reach the wreckage.

Genet had been on the mountain about a week before the weather broke, allowing him access to the aircraft. He had holed up in an emergency snow cave within about 400 yards of the aircraft. Post got altitude sickness and died on the mountain. [http://www.smokejumpers.com/obituaries/item.php?obituaries_id=39]. Genet had frostbitten hands from the recovery effort. He died in 1979 while descending Mount Everest. [http://wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Ray_Genet]

Later, the US Army, the AKARNG, and the families decided that if all the remains could not be recovered, they would all rest in place on the mountain. They remain so today. “Whiskey Charley” is in the left seat, Herb is in the seat behind the P/CP [pilot/co-pilot] seats and Steve lies about 100 feet below the severed right wing.

A real tragedy and great loss to the AKARNG, Caldwell and Alex were very dedicated soldiers. The Nome, AK Armory was later dedicated to LTC Caldwell for his time and service as the Commander of the 1st Scout BN [Scout Battalion].

Alex was the grandson and son of Eklutna traditional leaders and his children also served in the AKARNG. In the mid-1980s, there was an effort to dedicate the AKARNG Aviation Hanger at Ft Richardson (Bryant Airfield) to MSG Alex, but nothing came of it.

The 20 ft air traffic control tower was built in 1961. It is Building 4800. The State Historic Preservation Officer lists the tower as site AK-ANC-01095
Today, the 50 year-old air traffic control tower at the airfield is about to be modified and its distinctive pattern (the last such tower in Alaska) obliterated. Alaska National Guard heritage, which is also Alaska heritage, is little known outside of the living participants’ memory. And, of course, so much of our National Guard history is oral, not written, such as the Alaska Territorial Guard of 70 years ago. We’ve never had trained scholars to gather and analyze the oral histories. The documents and structures of this heritage are not kept, much less preserved for current and future Alaskans and NG to learn from.

It would be nice if the 40th anniversary of this loss could be remembered by the state and would stimulate further interest and professional research.


My thanks to David J Mock, John Spalding, and other Alaska veterans and to the family of Herbert Alex (sister Julia Cooper and daughter Eleanor Wilde, also a NG veteran) for their first-hand accounts which went into this post.

This was originally posted at https://www.facebook.com/pages/Alaska-National-Guard-Heritage/121826611217021

additional information–
Mrs Elizabeth L.J. Alex http://www.alaskastar.com/stories/011405/obi_20050114024.shtml
ARMY AIR CREWS: Fixed Wing Aviation Crewmembers Line of Duty Deaths http://www.armyaircrews.com/fixed.html
A University Engaged With its Community The Search for Dena’ina … http://www.uaa.alaska.edu/alumni/upload/Spring07.pdf
The Complete 1957 Gustavus/Juneau Plane Crash Story by Rita Wilson, http://www.gustavushistory.org/articles/view.aspx?id=10000

Sun storms and pigeon racing – the results


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One reader races pigeons. He originally asked about Geomagnetic storm alerts, https://ykalaska.wordpress.com/2006/09/20/geomagnetic-storm-alerts/
and discussed here- Pigeons, geomagnetic storms, and auroras

And then tried out the real-time maps of storms and whether that would improve his birds performance–

Hi Pam, Since I started using the information that you gave to me, my racing performance has gone up drastically. My losses are down and my winning is up. I send very few birds when the warnings are high, which result in fewer losses and when it is low I send a few more of the higher pedigree birds and the winnings are up. Thank you very much for your input. I will start racing again in August of this year and will keep you informed as to the results. I will definitely be using this information on my birds during their training this summer also, as I take them out as far as 100 miles on training tosses. thanks again.

Avian Navigation (pdf file)
Roswitha Wiltschko and Wolfgang Wiltschko
The Auk 126(4):717–743, 2009.
American Ornithologists’ Union, 2009. Special Reviews in Ornithology

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Pigeons, geomagnetic storms, and auroras


Over at the Where is… aurora, magnetic storm post, a reader left this interesting query
–2009 August 26 at 5:12 am

How can I get a geomagnetic storm alert on my computer? I raise and race pigeons for a hobby and I think this would give me valuable information to help me in my sport hobby. I have a big race coming up this weekend and would like to know the forecast about these storms. Will be having a race every weekend for the next 5 weeks. Thank you.

I’ve transposed our e-mail conversation for posting here–
Continue reading

List of science teacher resources

I was sent a link to this blog entry. It is useful to have these sites in one list, subdivided by provider or subject matter.

The links I examined on this post above are legitimate and the sources they list are indeed among the top 100. [A major oversight was Sigma Xi’s Science in the News ;) ]

I don’t know who the blog site publisher is, and the author is not named, so I would be a little leery of the site overall. (I’m not sure what NFL gridiron football fan sites have to do with forensic science.) The stated purpose of the website is

Forensic Science Technician explains the required education to become a forensic science technician including schools, colleges, programs and degrees, and salary forensic science technician.

The avatar for the blog shows highly unusual forensic science equipment– not a mask or respirator and a notebook but a drawn firearm. But pencils aren’t very “sexy” for recruiting students.

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Request for Information– Dettol vs Lysol


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This is an interesting question that came in, that I hope readers may know more about than I do–

I am a dentist and have a purely academic query — which has a better antimicrobial spectrum: Chloroxylenol or Benzalkonium chloride?

I’ll have to try looking that up. As an anthropologist, I suspect the answer will be different depending on
— the type of organism targeted
— the intended use (hands? instruments? countertops?)
— ease or thoroughness of use

plus, whatever the chemistry shows.

Can anyone help?

see also earlier posts

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